CHAPTER 5: True Renunciation
©2001, TheBhagavatGita.com



Text: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8-9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27-28, 29  


TEXT 1

arjuna uvaca
sannyasam karmanam krsna
punar yogam ca samsasi
yac chreya etayor ekam
tan me bruhi su-niscitam

WORD FOR WORD

arjunah uvaca -- Arjuna said; sannyasam -- renunciation; karmanam -- of all activities; krsna -- O Krishna; punah -- again; yogam -- devotional service; ca -- also; samsasi -- You are praising; yat -- which; sreyah -- is more beneficial; etayoh -- of these two; ekam -- one; tat -- that; me -- unto me; bruhi -- please tell; su-niscitam -- definitely.

TRANSLATION

Arjuna said: O Krishna, first of all You ask me to renounce work, and then again You recommend work with devotion. Now will You kindly tell me definitely which of the two is more beneficial?

 



TEXT 2

sri-bhagavan uvaca
sannyasah karma-yogas ca
nihsreyasa-karav ubhau
tayos tu karma-sannyasat
karma-yogo visisyate

WORD FOR WORD

sri-bhagavan uvaca -- the Personality of Godhead said; sannyasah -- renunciation of work; karma-yogah -- work in devotion; ca -- also; nihsreyasa-karau -- leading to the path of liberation; ubhau -- both; tayoh -- of the two; tu -- but; karma-sannyasat -- in comparison to the renunciation of fruitive work; karma-yogah -- work in devotion; visisyate -- is better.

TRANSLATION

The Supreme replied: The renunciation of work and work in devotion are both good for liberation. But, of the two, work in devotional service is better than renunciation of work.

 



TEXT 3

jneyah sa nitya-sannyasi
yo na dvesti na kanksati
nirdvandvo hi maha-baho
sukham bandhat pramucyate

WORD FOR WORD

jneyah -- should be known; sah -- he; nitya -- always; sannyasi -- renouncer; yah -- who; na -- never; dvesti -- abhors; na -- nor; kanksati -- desires; nirdvandvah -- free from all dualities; hi -- certainly; maha-baho -- O mighty-armed one; sukham -- happily; bandhat -- from bondage; pramucyate -- is completely liberated.

TRANSLATION

One who neither hates nor desires the fruits of his activities is known to be always renounced. Such a person, free from all dualities, easily overcomes material bondage and is completely liberated, O mighty-armed Arjuna.

 



TEXT 4

sankhya-yogau prthag balah
pravadanti na panditah
ekam apy asthitah samyag
ubhayor vindate phalam

WORD FOR WORD

sankhya -- analytical study of the material world; yogau -- work in devotional service; prthak -- different; balah -- the less intelligent; pravadanti -- say; na -- never; panditah -- the learned; ekam -- in one; api -- even; asthitah -- being situated; samyak -- complete; ubhayoh -- of both; vindate -- enjoys; phalam -- the result.

TRANSLATION

Only the ignorant speak of devotional service [karma-yoga] as being different from the analytical study of the material world [Sankhya]. Those who are actually learned say that he who applies himself well to one of these paths achieves the results of both.

 



TEXT 5

yat sankhyaih prapyate sthanam
tad yogair api gamyate
ekam sankhyam ca yogam ca
yah pasyati sa pasyati

WORD FOR WORD

yat -- what; sankhyaih -- by means of Sankhya philosophy; prapyate -- is achieved; sthanam -- place; tat -- that; yogaih -- by devotional service; api -- also; gamyate -- one can attain; ekam -- one; sankhyam -- analytical study; ca -- and; yogam -- action in devotion; ca -- and; yah -- one who; pasyati -- sees; sah -- he; pasyati -- actually sees.

TRANSLATION

One who knows that the position reached by means of analytical study can also be attained by devotional service, and who therefore sees analytical study and devotional service to be on the same level, sees things as they are.

 



TEXT 6

sannyasas tu maha-baho
duhkham aptum ayogatah
yoga-yukto munir brahma
na cirenadhigacchati

WORD FOR WORD

sannyasah -- the renounced order of life; tu -- but; maha-baho -- O mighty-armed one; duhkham -- distress; aptum -- afflicts one with; ayogatah -- without devotional service; yoga-yuktah -- one engaged in devotional service; munih -- a thinker; brahma -- the Supreme; na cirena -- without delay; adhigacchati -- attains.

TRANSLATION

Merely renouncing all activities yet not engaging in the devotional service of the Lord cannot make one happy. But a thoughtful person engaged in devotional service can achieve the Supreme without delay.

 



TEXT 7

yoga-yukto visuddhatma
vijitatmajitendriyah
sarva-bhutatma-bhutatma
kurvann api na lipyate

WORD FOR WORD

yoga-yuktah -- engaged in devotional service; visuddha-atma -- a purified soul; vijita-atma -- self-controlled; jita-indriyah -- having conquered the senses; sarva-bhuta -- to all living entities; atma-bhuta-atma -- compassionate; kurvan api -- although engaged in work; na -- never; lipyate -- is entangled.

TRANSLATION

One who works in devotion, who is a pure soul, and who controls his mind and senses is dear to everyone, and everyone is dear to him. Though always working, such a man is never entangled.

 



TEXTS 8-9

naiva kincit karomiti
yukto manyeta tattva-vit
pasyan srnvan sprsanjighrann
asnan gacchan svapan svasan

pralapan visrjan grhnann
unmisan nimisann api
indriyanindriyarthesu
vartanta iti dharayan

WORD FOR WORD

na -- never; eva -- certainly; kincit -- anything; karomi -- I do; iti -- thus; yuktah -- engaged in the divine consciousness; manyeta -- thinks; tattva-vit -- one who knows the truth; pasyan -- seeing; srn van -- hearing; sprsan -- touching; jighran -- smelling; asnan -- eating; gacchan -- going; svapan -- dreaming; svasan -- breathing; pralapan -- talking; visrjan -- giving up; grhnan -- accepting; unmisan -- opening; nimisan -- closing; api -- in spite of; indriyani -- the senses; indriya-arthesu -- in sense gratification; vartante -- let them be so engaged; iti -- thus; dharayan -- considering.

TRANSLATION

A person in the divine consciousness, although engaged in seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, eating, moving about, sleeping and breathing, always knows within himself that he actually does nothing at all. Because while speaking, evacuating, receiving, or opening or closing his eyes, he always knows that only the material senses are engaged with their objects and that he is aloof from them.

 



TEXT 10

brahmany adhaya karmani
sangam tyaktva karoti yah
lipyate na sa papena
padma-patram ivambhasa

WORD FOR WORD

brahmani -- unto The Supreme; adhaya -- resigning; karmani -- all works; sangam -- attachment; tyaktva -- giving up; karoti -- performs; yah -- who; lipyate -- is affected; na -- never; sah -- he; papena -- by sin; padma-patram -- a lotus leaf; iva -- like; ambhasa -- by the water.

TRANSLATION

One who performs his duty without attachment, surrendering the results unto the Supreme Lord, is unaffected by sinful action, as the lotus leaf is untouched by water.

 



TEXT 11

kayena manasa buddhya
kevalair indriyair api
yoginah karma kurvanti
sangam tyaktvatma-suddhaye

WORD FOR WORD

kayena -- with the body; manasa -- with the mind; buddhya -- with the intelligence; kevalaih -- purified; indriyaih -- with the senses; api -- even; yoginah -- spiritually conscious persons; karma -- actions; kurvanti -- they perform; sangam -- attachment; tyaktva -- giving up; atma -- of the self; suddhaye -- for the purpose of purification.

TRANSLATION

The yogis, abandoning attachment, act with body, mind, intelligence and even with the senses, only for the purpose of purification.

 



TEXT 12

yuktah karma-phalam tyaktva
santim apnoti naisthikim
ayuktah kama-karena
phale sakto nibadhyate

WORD FOR WORD

yuktah -- one who is engaged in devotional service; karma-phalam -- the results of all activities; tyaktva -- giving up; santimn -- perfect peace; apnoti -- achieves; naisthikim -- unflinching; ayuktah -- one who is not devoted; kama-karena -- for enjoying the result of work; phale -- in the result; saktah -- attached; nibadhyate -- becomes entangled.

TRANSLATION

The steadily devoted soul attains unadulterated peace because he offers the result of all activities to Me; whereas a person who is not in union with the Divine, who is greedy for the fruits of his labor, becomes entangled.

 



TEXT 13

sarva-karmani manasa
sannyasyaste sukham vasi
nava-dvare pure dehi
naiva kurvan na karayan

WORD FOR WORD

sarva -- all; karmani -- activities; manasa -- by the mind; sannyasya -- giving up; aste -- remains; sukham -- in happiness; vasi -- one who is controlled; nava-dvare -- in the place where there are nine gates; pure -- in the city; dehi -- the embodied soul; na -- never; eva -- certainly; kurvan -- doing anything; na -- not; karayan -- causing to be done.

TRANSLATION

When the embodied living being controls his nature and mentally renounces all actions, he resides happily in the city of nine gates [the material body], neither working nor causing work to be done.

 



TEXT 14

na kartrtvam na karmani
lokasya srjati prabhuh
na karma-phala-samyogam
svabhavas tu pravartate

WORD FOR WORD

na -- never; kartrtvam -- proprietorship; na -- nor; karmani -- activities; lokasya -- of the people; srjati -- creates; prabhuh -- the master of the city of the body; na -- nor; karma-phala -- with the results of activities; samyogam -- connection; svabhavah -- the modes of material nature; tu -- but; pravartate -- act.

TRANSLATION

The embodied spirit, master of the city of his body, does not create activities, nor does he induce people to act, nor does he create the fruits of action. All this is enacted by the modes of material nature.

 



TEXT 15

nadatte kasyacit papam
na caiva sukrtam vibhuh
ajnanenavrtam jnanam
tena muhyantijantavah

WORD FOR WORD

na -- never; adatte -- accepts; kasyacit -- anyone's; papam -- sin; na -- nor; ca -- also; eva -- certainly; su-krtam -- pious activities; vibhuh -- the Supreme Lord; ajnanena -- by ignorance; avrtam -- covered; jnanam -- knowledge; tena -- by that; muhyanti -- are bewildered; jantavah -- the living entities.

TRANSLATION

Nor does the Supreme Lord assume anyone's sinful or pious activities. Embodied beings, however, are bewildered because of the ignorance which covers their real knowledge.

 



TEXT 16

jnanena tu tad ajnanam
yesam nasitam atmanah
tesam aditya-vajjnanam
prakasayati tat param

WORD FOR WORD

jnanena -- by knowledge; tu -- but; tat -- that; ajnanam -- nescience; yesam -- whose; nasitam -- is destroyed; atmanah -- of the living entity; tesam -- their; aditya-vat -- like the rising sun; jnanam -- knowledge; prakasayati -- discloses; tat param -- God realisation

TRANSLATION

When, however, one is enlightened with the knowledge by which nescience is destroyed, then his knowledge reveals everything, as the sun lights up everything in the daytime.

 



TEXT 17

tad-buddhayas tad-atmanas
tan-nisthas tat-parayanah
gacchanty apunar-avrttim
jnana-nirdhuta-kalmasah

WORD FOR WORD

tat-buddhayah -- those whose intelligence is always in the Supreme; tat-atmanah -- those whose minds are always in the Supreme; tat-nisthah -- those whose faith is only meant for the Supreme; tat-parayanah -- who have completely taken shelter of Him; gacchanti -- go; apunah-avrttim -- to liberation; jnana -- by knowledge; nirdhuta -- cleansed; kalmasah -- misgivings.

TRANSLATION

When one's intelligence, mind, faith and refuge are all fixed in the Supreme, then one becomes fully cleansed of misgivings through complete knowledge and thus proceeds straight on the path of liberation.

 



TEXT 18

vidya-vinaya-sampanne
brahmane gavi hastini
suni caiva sva-pake ca
panditah sama-darsinah

WORD FOR WORD

vidya -- with education; vinaya -- and gentleness; sampanne -- fully equipped; brahmane -- in the brahmana; gavi -- in the cow; hastini -- in the elephant; suni -- in the dog; ca -- and; eva -- certainly; sva-pake -- in the dog-eater (the outcaste); ca -- respectively; panditah -- those who are wise; sama-darsinah -- who see with equal vision.

TRANSLATION

The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge, see with equal vision a learned and gentle brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dog-eater [outcaste].

 



TEXT 19

ihaiva tairjitah sargo
yesam samye sthitam manah
nirdosam hi samam brahma
tasmad brahmani te sthitah

WORD FOR WORD

iha -- in this life; eva -- certainly; taih -- by them; jitah -- conquered; sargah -- birth and death; yesam -- whose; samye -- in equanimity; sthitam -- situated; manah -- mind; nirdosam -- flawless; hi -- certainly; samam -- in equanimity; brahma -- like the Supreme; tasmat -- therefore; brahmani -- in the Supreme; te -- they; sthitah -- are situated.

TRANSLATION

Those whose minds are established in sameness and equanimity have already conquered the conditions of birth and death. They are flawless like Brahman, and thus they are already situated in Brahman.

 



TEXT 20

na prahrsyet priyam prapya
nodvijet prapya capriyam
sthira-buddhir asammudho
brahma-vid brahmani sthitah

WORD FOR WORD

na -- never; prahrsyet -- rejoices; priyam -- the pleasant; prapya -- achieving; na -- does not; udvijet -- become agitated; prapya -- obtaining; ca -- also; apriyam -- the unpleasant; sthira-buddhih -- self-intelligent; asammudhah -- unbewildered; brahma-vit -- one who knows the Supreme perfectly; brahmani -- in the transcendence; sthitah -- situated.

TRANSLATION

A person who neither rejoices upon achieving something pleasant nor laments upon obtaining something unpleasant, who is self-intelligent, who is unbewildered, and who knows the science of God, is already situated in transcendence.

 



TEXT 21

bahya-sparsesv asaktatma
vindaty atmani yat sukham
sa brahma-yoga-yuktatma
sukham aksayam asnute

WORD FOR WORD

bahya-sparsesu -- in external sense pleasure; asakta-atma -- one who is not attached; vindati -- enjoys; atmani -- in the self; yat -- that which; sukham -- happiness; sah -- he; brahma-yoga -- by concentration in Brahman; yukta-atma -- self-connected; sukham -- happiness; aksayam -- unlimited; asnute -- enjoys.

TRANSLATION

Such a liberated person is not attracted to material sense pleasure but is always in trance, enjoying the pleasure within. In this way the self-realized person enjoys unlimited happiness, for he concentrates on the Supreme.

 



TEXT 22

ye hi samsparsa-ja bhoga
duhkha-yonaya eva te
ady-antavantah kaunteya
na tesu ramate budhah

WORD FOR WORD

ye -- those; hi -- certainly; samsparsa-jah -- by contact with the material senses; bhogah -- enjoyments; duhkha -- distress; yonayah -- sources of; eva -- certainly; te -- they are; adi -- beginning; anta -- end; vantah -- subject to; kaunteya -- O son of Kunti; na -- never; tesu -- in those; ramate -- takes delight; budhah -- the intelligent person.

TRANSLATION

An intelligent person does not take part in the sources of misery, which are due to contact with the material senses. O son of Kunti, such pleasures have a beginning and an end, and so the wise man does not delight in them.

 



TEXT 23

saknotihaiva yah sodhum
prak sarira-vimoksanat
kama-krodhodbhavam vegam
sa yuktah sa sukhi narah

WORD FOR WORD

saknoti -- is able; iha eva -- in the present body; yah -- one who; sodhum -- to tolerate; prak -- before; sarira -- the body; vimoksanat -- giving up; kama -- desire; krodha -- and anger; udbhavam -- generated from; vegam -- urges; sah -- he; yuktah -- in trance; sah -- he; sukhi -- happy; narah -- human being.

TRANSLATION

Before giving up this present body, if one is able to tolerate the urges of the material senses and check the force of desire and anger, he is well situated and is happy in this world.

 



TEXT 24

yo 'ntah-sukho 'ntar-aramas
tathantar-jyotir eva yah
sa yogi brahma-nirvanam
brahma-bhuto 'dhigacchati

WORD FOR WORD

yah -- one who; antah-sukhah -- happy from within; antah-aramah -- actively enjoying within; tatha -- as well as; antah-jyotih -- aiming within; eva -- certainly; yah -- anyone; sah -- he; yogi -- a mystic; brahma-nirvanam -- liberation in the Supreme; brahma-bhutah -- being self-realized; adhigacchati -- attains.

TRANSLATION

One whose happiness is within, who is active and rejoices within, and whose aim is inward is actually the perfect mystic. He is liberated in the Supreme, and ultimately he attains the Supreme.

 



TEXT 25

labhante brahma-nirvanam
rsayah ksina-kalmasah
chinna-dvaidha yatatmanah
sarva-bhuta-hite ratah

WORD FOR WORD

labhante -- achieve; brahma-nirvanam -- liberation in the Supreme; rsayah -- those who are active within; ksina-kalmasah -- who are devoid of all sins; chinna -- having torn off; dvaidhah -- duality; yata-atmanah -- engaged in self-realization; sarva-bhuta -- for all living entities; hite -- in welfare work; ratah -- engaged.

TRANSLATION

Those who are beyond the dualities that arise from doubts, whose minds are engaged within, who are always busy working for the welfare of all living beings, and who are free from all sins achieve liberation in the Supreme.

 



TEXT 26

kama-krodha-vimuktanam
yatinam yata-cetasam
abhito brahma-nirvanam
vartate viditatmanam

WORD FOR WORD

kama -- from desires; krodha -- and anger; vimuktanam -- of those who are liberated; yatinam -- of the saintly persons; yata-cetasam -- who have full control over the mind; abhitah -- assured in the near future; brahma-nirvanam -- liberation in the Supreme; vartate -- is there; vidita-atmanam -- of those who are self-realized.

TRANSLATION

Those who are free from anger and all material desires, who are self-realized, self-disciplined and constantly endeavoring for perfection, are assured of liberation in the Supreme in the very near future.

 



TEXTS 27-28

sparsan krtva bahir bahyams
caksus caivantare bhruvoh
pranapanau samau krtva
nasabhyantara-carinau

yatendriya-mano-buddhir
munir moksa-parayanah
vigateccha-bhaya-krodho
yah sada mukta eva sah

WORD FOR WORD

sparsan -- sense objects, such as sound; krtva -- keeping; bahih -- external; bahyan -- unnecessary; caksuh -- eyes; ca -- also; eva -- certainly; antare -- between; bhruvoh -- the eyebrows; prana-apanau -- up-and down-moving air; samau -- in suspension; krtva -- keeping; nasa-abhyantara -- within the nostrils; carinau -- blowing; yata -- controlled; indriya -- senses; manah -- mind; buddhih -- intelligence; munih -- the transcendentalist; moksa -- for liberation; parayanah -- being so destined; vigata -- having discarded; iccha -- wishes; bhaya -- fear; krodhah -- anger; yah -- one who; sada -- always; muktah -- liberated; eva -- certainly; sah -- he is.

TRANSLATION

Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils, and thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the transcendentalist aiming at liberation becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.

 



TEXT 29

bhoktaram yajna-tapasam
sarva-loka-mahesvaram
suhrdam sarva-bhutanam
jnatva mam santim rcchati

WORD FOR WORD

bhoktaram -- the beneficiary; yajna -- of sacrifices; tapasam -- and penances and austerities; sarva-loka -- of all planets and the demigods thereof; maha-isvaram -- the Supreme Lord; su-hrdam -- the benefactor; sarva -- of all; bhutanam -- the living entities; jnatva -- thus knowing; mam -- Me (Lord Krishna); santim -- relief from material pangs; rcchati -- one achieves.

TRANSLATION

A person in full consciousness of Me, knowing Me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods, and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attains peace from the pangs of material miseries.

 



Bhagavad-Gita